Lace. Interesting trim is lace. Because of the lace material can produce the finishing details - the collar, cuff, frill or detail of dresses, blouses - various insertion yoke, lace sleeves.
Lace material is usually very narrow, so it is impossible to avoid connecting joints. If the material is expensive, the stitch even the smallest pieces. Sewn seams not only ruin the figure, but the material. So lace stitched with silk threads connecting invisible seam. The edges impose one on another so that the pattern remained unbroken, and stitched manually with the line drawing, and excess material is cut (Fig. 216).
Silk thread must exactly fit the tone of the lace regardless of whether the edges are stapled or made insert. If lace is applied to the material, the edge cut out pattern and sew frequent stitches (Fig. 217). Exactly the same lace sewn inside. The fabric can be cut to the seam line. Instead of the usual stitching lace insert loopy seam.
Not every lace we need to seal the edge, as lace and tulle to belong but difficult to spill and tissues. The thin lace edge sealed for greater strength and to ensure it has not bent. Sew typically the lace band iron, bent in half and sew the open edge of the lace from the front side. Then it is folded on the wrong side and sutured (Fig. 218). Hemming lace can be oblique and narrow strip of silk (the width is not more than 3 mm).
Narrow lace, stitched in several rows, - beautiful finish. In this case, it is assembled, the Assembly is doing, pulling one of the threads straight edge lace. This should be done cautiously, especially on a thin lace, so as not to break the thread. For ruffles stripe usually is taken twice as long. Lace several rows sewn so that one row is slightly found to another.
Sheathing edge products with lace can be hand or machine zigzag stitching. The edge of the part is necessary first to execute a twist or hemming on the machine. Lace densely primetyvajut and sutured in place. Especially carefully it is necessary to handle the corners. In these places, the lace need to pripisivati. If the fabric is thin, it connects to the lace seam at the twist. Fabric and lace and fold, slightly spinning the material capture needle lace.
Trim can be lace insert-prosby. Next to them you can make small pleats or tucks. Lace for insertion of pre-primetyvajut to the fabric, then prostrachivajut the edge and cut the material in the middle. The edge of the fabric can be repaired in various ways.
Instead of bending the edges of the incision can make them spin. Lace insertion may be of different widths. Very wide panels of material cut out with seam allowance. Lace panels are often used to connect two separate pieces of material. The insertion can be done in the form of a drawing. If the pattern angles, they must be well sealed.
The smocking. It's an interesting finish to dresses and blouses. For their production on the left side of the fabric outline with a dotted line the number of rows of smocking. The width between the points of 5 mm between the rows is 8 mm. the Points should be located one below the other and can be applied by Ironing the finished drawing.
The smocking is collected on strong thread, and a needle stick to the point and take the midpoint between the points. Then pull the thread so tight that the folds were, but they could be moved. Every two end of the thread tie a knot. Then proceed to the embroidering pattern. After embroidery thread Assembly is removed. Shown in figure 219 "waffle" or "honeycomb" get capturing cross two folds of a number of alternately (Fig. 220). Figure 221 shows the same, but interrupted by the groups. The distance between the gathered rows of 4 mm.The pattern shown in figure 222, get several zigzag embroidered series.
Closure of the air loop and pulling buttons. In elegant dresses common fastener butt joint with an air tight loops and buttons. The loops in a fastener made of rolica or threads in the fabric colour of the product. The loop size should match the size of the buttons. Hanging loops are put close to one another.
In the manufacture of hinges of a forward rolica strip of fabric folded in half and prostrachivajut at a distance of 3 to 5 mm from the edge, turn on the front side with mounted on the end of a double thread (Fig. 223). The seam allowance fills rulik. In order to align rulik, its hydrate or stretch on the ferry, and then stretched and nailed the studs to the ends for drying. Loop of rolica you can sew each separately. For this rulik is cut to the same length. From each segment, make a loop and sew to the garment on the reverse side.The ends of the hinge cover strip of cloth (Fig. 225). On products from fine fabrics ready rulik attached along the edge at equal distances (Fig. 224, right). In the manufacture of loops of thread, some thread overcast stitch common stitches. The material capture needle deep to the loop does not terminate (Fig. 224, left). Air loops to knit crochet. Rolica loops of thread must be secured to the edge of the product so that they fit, otherwise the edge of the clasp will go. Loop of dense material made by hand.This diagonal strip of fabric folded in half and it makes a dense rulik.
Stitched buttons made of fabric cut out a circle of diameter twice the diameter of the buttons. Then it is collected at some distance from the edge. On the reverse side of the fabric covered buttons you can sew the backing material. If a button is to sew threads of the same or of a different color, it looks more colorful, but the edge is smoother.