it more often than about any other subject. The debate around it are carried out with amazing regularity, while she herself is incredibly capricious and changeable. Her praise, criticize. Some refer to it with a respectful reverence, others with exaggerated disdain. And what is quite remarkable: each believes himself a connoisseur and a connoisseur of it, while even some professionals working in this area, and sometimes can not come to unanimous opinion not only in regard to her today but also the past and especially the future.
It is the clothing, to which we are accustomed as to your own body. So accustomed to, that is often not interested in its origin and age. We just think that she was always, at all times. The more that the changing shape of clothes unwittingly makes her forever young and do not think to look in the box "year of birth" or to find out why and where it actually appeared.
Meanwhile, although "personal data" of the clothes are perfection, the story of her interesting and instructive. It helps us to understand the manners and customs of the ancient people of our time, gives an idea of the level of culture and taste, about the spiritual life of different social epochs and peoples. The history of clothing is at the same time the history of the tailor's art - one of the oldest types of crafts.
We say the word "clothes," and involuntarily identify it in our minds with another word - suit. Don't need to be a connoisseur of the history of material culture to understand that we are not talking about the same thing.
Clothing is all that covers our body - coat, pants, dress, shoes, stockings, headpiece and so on. Costume - the concept is more local and comes from the Italian word, translated as meaning habit, custom. Speech thus goes about taken at different times and in different countries how to dress.
The suit did not appear immediately. It was preceded by all kinds of clothes. It arose because it had to occur. To it led the whole process of development of the earth and humanity. Has varied climatic conditions on our planet. Settled people. In some places hot, in others cold. Nature brought such surprises as rain, snow, hail. The human body is strongly demanded protection. It was the clothes. Of course, the ancient samples of it have nothing in common with those to which we are accustomed. Neither in form nor in material.
Fleeing from the cold, primitive man used all eleusina at hand reserves. The cover served as leaves, tree bark, animal skins, and similar materials. Today these products are "fish feathers" can only bring a smile, and then, in the far-distant past they played a huge role in the struggle of man for their existence. In fact, the creation of a garment is the result of this fight.
However, there have been attempts to explain the emergence of clothing other reasons such as a sense of sexual shame, esthetic impulses, the desire for jewellery, various magical ideas, etc. This view is defended, in particular, B. F. Adler, a former Professor at the ethnographic Department of the Russian Museum. In his book, "From nakedness to the rich clothes," he considers the most authentic, "that clothing was formed from the desire of man to decorate himself", and concludes: "the Decoration of ancient clothing" and therefore she descended from the jewelry.A similar view is held and the other a scientist - bourgeois German ethnologist and historian Professor Ernst Grosse. In his book "the Origin of art", published in 1899, he writes: "... decorations of primitive people is not so superfluous as it seems to be the practical meaning of the NINETEENTH century; for the savages they are as useful and necessary to us" clothes.
The instinct for decoration is the main conclusion of these judgments.
No practical need to cover his body to keep him warm, was the original motive of the suit and the tattoo and the painting itself, the necklace is subjective-idealistic thinking philosophy.
A play on words, endless questions, that the ancient, not RES gestae, but only resemble the famous philosophical exercises scholastics on the topic: "Which came first - the chicken or the egg?" The only correct answer was given by the Marxist-Leninist science. Even Engels in "Dialectics of nature" pointed out that the climatic changes in nature, when spring and summer come autumn and winter, created "new needs, the needs in housing and clothing to protect from cold and damp".Therefore, clothing has emerged as one of the main means of protecting the human body from harmful weather phenomena and other external influences of nature. She, and not a tattoo or a decoration of shells, saved someone from death, it is in it, not the cosmetics needed people, and that's what he created. Could not create.